The Authors


Walter F. Murphy was the successor to Woodrow Wilson, Edward S. Corwin and Alpheus T. Mason as the fourth McCormick Professor of Jurisprudence at Princeton University until his retirement in 1995. He died in 2010. He was the author of several books and many other scholarly works, including Congress and the Court (University of Chicago, 1962), Elements of Judicial Strategy (University of Chicago, 1964), Wiretapping on Trial (Random House, 1965), The Vicar of Christ (Macmillan, 1979), The Roman Enigma (Macmillan, 1981), Upon this Rock: The Life of St. Peter (Macmillan, 1987), and Constitutional Democracy: Creating and Maintaining a Just Political Order (Johns Hopkins, 2007).

James E. Fleming is the Honorable Paul J. Liacos Professor of Law at Boston University School of Law. His major areas of research are constitutional theory, political theory, and jurisprudence, and he teaches courses in constitutional law, constitutional theory, and torts. He received his J.D. magna cum laude from Harvard Law School and his Ph.D. in Politics from Princeton University. He is the author of Fidelity to Our Imperfect Constitution: For Moral Readings and Against Originalisms (Oxford University Press, 2015), Ordered Liberty: Rights, Responsibilities, and Virtues (Harvard University Press, 2013) (with Linda C. McClain), Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions (Oxford University, 2007) (with Sotirios A. Barber), Securing Constitutional Democracy: The Case of Autonomy (University of Chicago, 2006), and a number of articles in law reviews and books. He is working on a book on substantive due process.

Sotirios A. Barber, Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame, combines interests in the American Constitution and political theory. He is the author of Constitutional Failure (University Press of Kansas, 2014), The Fallacies of States’ Rights (Harvard University Press, 2013), Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions (Oxford University, 2007) (with James E. Fleming), Welfare and the Constitution (Princeton, 2003), The Constitution of Judicial Power (Johns Hopkins, 1993), On What the Constitution Means (Johns Hopkins, 1984), The Constitution and the Delegation of Congressional Power (University of Chicago, 1975), and numerous articles in constitutional theory.

Stephen Macedo is the Laurance S. Rockefeller Professor of Politics and the University Center for Human Values at Princeton University. He writes and teaches on political theory, ethics, American constitutionalism, and public policy. His writings include Liberal Virtues: Citizenship, Virtue, and Community in Liberal Constitutionalism (Oxford University, 1990); Diversity and Distrust: Civic Education in a Multicultural Democracy (Harvard University, 2000); Just Married: Same-Sex Couples, Monogamy, and the Future of Marriage (Princeton University Press, 2015); and he co-authored Democracy at Risk: How Political Choices Undermine Citizen Participation, and What We Can Do About It (Brookings Institution Press, 2005). He is editor or co-editor of 15 books on topics ranging from the legacy of the 1960s to universal jurisdiction in international law. He is President of the American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy, former Vice President of the American Political Science Association, and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.